Youth Court Terms & Definitions

Child in Need of Supervision

A child who has reached his seventh birthday and is in need of treatment or rehabilitation because the child:

  • is habitually disobedient of reasonable and lawful commands of his parent, guardian or custodian and is ungovernable; or
  • While being required to attend school, willfully and habitually violates the rules thereof or willfully and habitually absents himself therefrom; or
  • Runs away from home without good cause; or
  • Has committed a delinquent act or acts.

Abused Child

A child whose parent, guardian or custodian or any person responsible for his care or support, whether legally obligated to do so or not, has caused or allowed to be caused upon said child sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, emotional abuse, mental injury, non-accidental physical injury or other maltreatment. Provided, however, that physical discipline, including spanking, performed on a child by a parent, guardian or custodian in a reasonable manner shall not be deemed abuse under this section.

Sexual Abuse

Obscene or pornographic photographing, filming or depiction of children for commercial purposes, or the rape, molestation, incest, prostitution or other such forms of sexual exploitation of children under circumstances which indicate that the child's health or welfare is harmed or threatened.  

Neglected Child

  • A child whose parent, guardian or custodian or any person responsible for his care or support, neglects or refuses, when able so to do, to provide for him proper and necessary care or support, or education as required by law, or medical, surgical, or other care necessary for his well-being; provided, however, a parent who withholds medical treatment from any child who in good faith is under treatment by spiritual means alone through prayer in accordance with the tenets and practices of a recognized church or religious denomination by a duly accredited practitioner thereof shall not, for that reason alone, be considered to be neglectful under any provision of this chapter; or 
  • A child who is otherwise without proper care, custody, supervision or support; or
  • A child who, for any reason, lacks the special care made necessary for him by reason of his mental condition, whether said mental condition be mentally retarded or mentally ill; or
  • A child who, for any reason, lacks the care necessary for his health, morals or well-being.